Nobels fredspris

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År Pristagare från Motivering
2015 National Dialogue Quartet Tunisien ”for its decisive contribution to the building of a pluralistic democracy in Tunisia in the wake of the Jasmine Revolution of 2011”
2014 Kailash Satyarthi Indien ”for their struggle against the suppression of children and young people and for the right of all children to education”
Malala Yousafzai Storbritannien
2013 Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons ”for its extensive efforts to eliminate chemical weapons”
2012 Europeiska Unionen ”for over six decades contributed to the advancement of peace and reconciliation, democracy and human rights in Europe”
2011 Ellen Johnson Sirleaf Liberia ”for their non-violent struggle for the safety of women and for women’s rights to full participation in peace-building work”
Leymah Gbowee Liberia
Tawakkol Karman Yemen
2010 Liu Xiaobo Kina ”for his long and non-violent struggle for fundamental human rights in China”
2009 Barack H. Obama USA ”for his extraordinary efforts to strengthen international diplomacy and cooperation between peoples”
2008 Martti Ahtisaari Finland ”for his important efforts, on several continents and over more than three decades, to resolve international conflicts”
2007 Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) ”for their efforts to build up and disseminate greater knowledge about man-made climate change, and to lay the foundations for the measures that are needed to counteract such change”
Albert Arnold (Al) Gore Jr.
2006 Muhammad Yunus Bangladesh ”for their efforts to create economic and social development from below”
Grameen Bank Bangladesh
2005 International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) ”for their efforts to prevent nuclear energy from being used for military purposes and to ensure that nuclear energy for peaceful purposes is used in the safest possible way”
Mohamed ElBaradei Egypten
2004 Wangari Maathai Kenya ”for her contribution to sustainable development, democracy and peace”
2003 Shirin Ebadi Iran ”for her efforts for democracy and human rights. She has focused especially on the struggle for the rights of women and children”
2002 Jimmy Carter USA ”for his decades of untiring effort to find peaceful solutions to international conflicts, to advance democracy and human rights, and to promote economic and social development”
2001 United Nations UN ”for their work for a better organized and more peaceful world”
Kofi Annan Ghana
2000 Kim Dae-jung Syd Korea ”for his work for democracy and human rights in South Korea and in East Asia in general, and for peace and reconciliation with North Korea in particular”
1999 Médecins Sans Frontières ”in recognition of the organization’s pioneering humanitarian work on several continents”
1998 John Hume  Nord-Irland ”for their efforts to find a peaceful solution to the conflict in Northern Ireland”
David Trimble  Nord-Irland
1997 International Campaign to Ban Landmines (ICBL) ”for their work for the banning and clearing of anti-personnel mines”
Jody Williams  USA
1996 Carlos Filipe Ximenes Belo  Öst-Timor ”for their work towards a just and peaceful solution to the conflict in East Timor”
José Ramos-Horta  Öst-Timor
1995 Joseph Rotblat  England ”for their efforts to diminish the part played by nuclear arms in international politics and, in the longer run, to eliminate such arms”
Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs
1994 Yasser Arafat Palestina ”for their efforts to create peace in the Middle East”
Shimon Peres Israel
Yitzhak Rabin Israel
1993 Nelson Mandela Syd Afrika ”for their work for the peaceful termination of the apartheid regime, and for laying the foundations for a new democratic South Africa”
Frederik Willem de Klerk Syd Afrika
1992 Rigoberta Menchú Tum Guatemala ”in recognition of her work for social justice and ethno-cultural reconciliation based on respect for the rights of indigenous peoples”
1991 Aung San Suu Kyi Burma ”for her non-violent struggle for democracy and human rights”
1990 Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachev Sovjetunionen ”for his leading role in the peace process which today characterizes important parts of the international community”
1989 The 14th Dalai Lama (Tenzin Gyatso) Tibet ”for his philosophy of peace from a great reverence for all things living and upon the concept of universal responsibility embracing all mankind as well as nature”
1988 United Nations Peacekeeping Forces ”for its contribution to reducing tensions where an armistice has been negotiated but a peace treaty has yet to be established”
1987 Oscar Arias Sanchez Costa Rica ”for the praiseworthy work he has done in the cause of attaining a lasting peace in Central America”
1986 Elie Wiesel USA ”for being a convincing spokesman for the view of mankind and for the unlimited humanitarianism which are at all times necessary for a lasting and just peace”
1985 International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War ”for its considerable service to mankind by spreading authoritative information and by creating an awareness of the catastrophic consequences of atomic warfare”
1984 Desmond Mpilo Tutu Syd Afrika ”for his role as a unifying leader figure in the campaign to resolve the problem of apartheid in South Africa”
1983 Lech Walesa Polen ”for his contribution of vital importance in the wider campaign to secure the universal freedom to organise – a human right as defined by the United Nations”
1982 Alva Myrdal Sverige ”for having played a central role in the United Nations’ disarmament negotiations”
Alfonso García Robles Mexiko
1981 Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) Geneve ”for carrying out work of major importance to assist refugees, despite the many political difficulties with which the HC has had to contend”
1980 Adolfo Pérez Esquivel Argentina ”for devoting many years of his life to the cause of human rights in Argentina and the whole of Latin America”
1979 Mother Teresa Indien ”for devoting her life to working among the poorest of the poor in the slums of that city”
1978 Mohamed Anwar al-Sadat Egypten ”for their contribution to the two frame agreements on peace in the Middle East, and on peace between Egypt and Israel, which were signed at Camp David on September 17, 1978”
Menachem Begin Israel
1977 Amnesty International London ”for the defence of human dignity against torture, violence, and degradation constituting a very real contribution to the peace of this world”
1976 Betty Williams Nord-Irland ”for tackling so fearlessly the perilous task of leading the way into no-man’s land, in the cause of peace and reconciliation”
Mairead Corrigan Nord-Irland
1975 Andrei Dmitrievich Sakharov Sovjetunionen ”for his struggle for human rights, for disarmament, and for cooperation between all nations that has peace as its final goal”
1974 Seán MacBride Irland ”With the aid of the difficult art of politics and negotiation they have endeavoured by practical means to promote their ideals.”
Eisaku Sato Japan
1973 Henry A. Kissinger USA ”for very great emphasis on diplomacy as a factor for the promotion of peace as well, diplomacy both as a profession and as an art”
Le Duc Tho (avböjde) Vietnam
1972 Inget fredspris detta år
1971 Willy Brandt Västtyskland ”for the concrete initiatives that can lead to such a détente that Willy Brandt took when he was Foreign Secretary of the Federal Republic of Germany, from 1966, and when he was its Chancellor, from 1969”
1970 Norman E. Borlaug USA ”for developing and applying the scientific and technological skills of the twentieth century for ’the well-being of mankind throughout the world'”
1969 International Labour Organization (I.L.O.) ”for its activity to establish principles whereby the working conditions and social rights of employees can be improved”
1968 René Cassin Frankrike ”for being the brains and the driving force behind the UN commission that drew up the Universal Declaration of Human Rights of 1948”
1967 Inget fredspris detta år
1966 Inget fredspris detta år
1965 United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) ”for its activities that marked a breakthrough for the idea of solidarity between nations, which helped to reduce the difference between rich and poor states”
1964 Martin Luther King Jr. USA ”for the way in which he has waged his struggle, personifying in his conduct the words that were spoken to mankind: ’Whosoever shall smite thee on thy right cheek, turn to him the other also!'”
1963 Comité international de la Croix Rouge (International Committee of the Red Cross) ”for it marks the centennial of the Red Cross. That it should have been possible to constitute the Red Cross and start its work in 1863 is one of the great miracles in human history”
Ligue des Sociétés de la Croix-Rouge (League of Red Cross Societies)
1962 Linus Carl Pauling USA ”for his opposition to weapons of mass destruction”
1961 Dag Hjalmar Agne Carl Hammarskjöld (postumt) Sverige ”for having built up an efficient and independent UN Secretariat, and for having taken an independent line towards the great powers”
1960 Albert John Lutuli Syd Afrika ”for bringing a message to all who work and strive to establish respect for human rights both within nations and between nations”
1959 Philip J. Noel-Baker England ”for his efforts to the service of suffering humanity, whether in time of war or in the intervals between wars”
1958 Georges Pire Belgien ”for his efforts to help refugees to leave their camps and return to a life of freedom and dignity”
1957 Lester Bowles Pearson Kanada ”for the powerful initiative, strength, and perseverance he has displayed in attempting to prevent or limit war operations and to restore peace in situations where quick, tactful, and wise action has been necessary to prevent unrest from spreading and developing into a worldwide conflagration”
1956 Inget fredspris detta år
1955 Inget fredspris detta år
1954 Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) ”The 1954 Peace Prize was thus an appeal to all the world’s governments to give more financial support to a vulnerable Group.”
1953 George Catlett Marshall ”for a plan aimed at the economic recovery of Western Europe after World War II”
1952 Albert Schweitzer Frankrike ”For his work has made the concept of brotherhood a living one, and his words have reached and taken root in the minds of countless men”
1951 Léon Jouhaux Frankrike ”for his work for social equality and Franco-German reconciliation”
1950 Ralph Bunche USA ”for having arranged a cease-fire between Israelis and Arabs during the war which followed the creation of the state of Israel in 1948”
1949 Lord (John) Boyd Orr of Brechin Storbritannien ”for arguing for a world government ruling according to rules of international law”
1948 Inget fredspris detta år
1947 Friends Service Council (The Quakers) Storbritannien ”for pioneering work in the international peace movement and of humanitarian work carried out without regard for race or nationality”
American Friends Service Committee (The Quakers) USA
1946 Emily Greene Balch USA ”for her work for peace and her radical social views”
John Raleigh Mott USA ”for he has gone out into the whole world and opened hearts to the idea of peace, to understanding, love, and tolerance”
1945 Cordell Hull USA Cordell Hull, the man known as the ”father of the United Nations”.
1944 Comité international de la Croix Rouge (International Committee of the Red Cross) Schweiz ”for the great work it has performed during the war in behalf of humanity”
1943 Inget fredspris detta år
1942 Inget fredspris detta år
1941 Inget fredspris detta år
1940 Inget fredspris detta år
1939 Inget fredspris detta år
1938 Office international Nansen pour les Réfugiés (Nansen International Office for Refugees) The Nansen Office was set up in 1930 in accordance with a League of Nations resolution to keep up the relief work that had been launched by Fridtjof Nansen, the first high commissioner for refugees.
1937 Cecil of Chelwood, Viscount (Lord Edgar Algernon Robert Gascoyne Cecil) Storbritannien ” for the unity and continuity in his lifelong work for Peace”
1936 Carlos Saavedra Lamas Argentina ”for his achievements in the politics of peace”
1935 Carl von Ossietzky Tyskland ”for his burning love for freedom of thought and expression; a firm belief in free competition in all spiritual fields; a broad international outlook; a respect for values created by other nations – and all of these dominated by the theme of peace”
1934 Arthur Henderson Storbritannien ”for his work for ’Peace through Disarmament'”
1933 Sir Norman Angell (Ralph Lane) Storbritannien ”for his devising plans for peace and leading the way for their acceptance”
1932 Inget fredspris detta år
1931 Jane Addams USA She founded the Women’s International League for Peace and Freedom in 1919, and worked for many years to get the great powers to disarm and conclude peace agreements.
Nicholas Murray Butler USA ”for his efforts to strengthen international law and the International Court at the Hague”
1930 Lars Olof Jonathan (Nathan) Söderblom Sverige ”he wanted most passionately to create a common Christian platform for peace, and this was the work for which he was awarded the Peace Prize”
1929 Frank Billings Kellogg USA ”for having been one of the initiators of the Briand-Kellogg Pact of 1928”
1928 Inget fredspris detta år
1927 Ferdinand Buisson Frankrike ”for Human Rights and Franco-German reconciliation”
Ludwig Quidde Tyskland ”for his lifelong work in the cause of peace”
1926 Aristide Briand Frankrike ”for reconciliation between Germany and France after World War I”
Gustav Stresemann Tyskland
1925 Sir Austen Chamberlain Storbritannien ”for work aimed at ensuring peace between the arch-rivals Germany and France”
Charles Gates Dawes USA
1924 Inget fredspris detta år
1923 Inget fredspris detta år
1922 Fridtjof Nansen Norge ”for his work on behalf of prisoners of war and starving people”
1921 Karl Hjalmar Branting Sverige ”for their work as supporters of the new League of Nations and of international cooperation”
Christian Lous Lange Norge
1920 Léon Victor Auguste Bourgeois Frankrike ”for drawing up a proposal for a global organization that would secure peace”
1919 Thomas Woodrow Wilson USA ”for being the leading architect behind the League of Nation”
1918 Inget fredspris detta år
1917 Comité international de la Croix Rouge (International Committee of the Red Cross) Schweiz It not only upheld the principles of the Geneva Convention, but also undertook to protect the interests of prisoners of war.
1916 Inget fredspris detta år
1915 Inget fredspris detta år
1914 Inget fredspris detta år
1913 Henri La Fontaine Belgien ”for holding high positions of trust in the peace movement”
1912 Elihu Root USA ”for having pursued the aim that conflicts between states must be resolved by arbitration”
1911 Tobias Michael Carel Asser Nederländerna ”for advocating that the world’s states should enter into binding agreements on how private law disputes must be settled”
Alfred Hermann Fried Österrike ”for his approach to popularize the thoughts and opinions of experts in international law, and his goal of a new and peaceful organization of society”
1910 Bureau international permanent de la Paix (Permanent International Peace Bureau) Schweiz ”for facilitating communications between the societies and individuals, and for collecting information on the peace movement”
1909 Auguste Marie François Beernaert Belgien ”for dealing with the laws and customs of land warfare, and the question of neutrality pleading the cause of the small states”
Paul Henri Benjamin Balluet d’Estournelles de Constant, Baron de Constant de Rebecque Frankrike ”for his Believe in that the cultured peoples of Europe should join together in the united states of Europe”
1908 Klas Pontus Arnoldson Sverige ”for opposing all use of arms and supporting arbitration and international law”
Fredrik Bajer Danmark ”for devoting his life to the cause of peace and for the establishment of the International Peace Bureau in 1891”
1907 Ernesto Teodoro Moneta Italien ”for standing out as the unrivalled leader of the Italian peace movement”
Louis Renault Frankrike ”for his eagerness to extend the Geneva Convention to apply also to war at sea”
1906 Theodore Roosevelt USA ”for his work to strengthen the ideal of peace and to secure the peace of the world”
1905 Baroness Bertha Sophie Felicita von Suttner Österrike At the beginning of the new century she was referred to as the ”generalissimo of the peace movement”.
1904 Institut de droit international (Institute of International Law) ”for the advancement of the idea of justice among peoples as a contribution of primary importance in securing peace between states”
1903 William Randal Cremer Storbritannien ”for the use of arbitration to resolve international conflicts, with the aim of preventing war”
1902 Élie Ducommun Schweiz ”for his preparing of programs for international peace congresses, publishing resolutions, and corresponding with promoters of peace”
Charles Albert Gobat Schweiz ”for his efforts to bring popularly elected representatives from various countries together at meetings and congresses”
1901 Jean Henry Dunant Schweiz ”for his plan that all countries should form associations to help the sick and wounded on the battlefield – whichever side they belonged to”
Frédéric Passy Frankrike ”for being the ’dean’ of the international peace movement”

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